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    Protein Ubiquitination Detection

      Ubiquitination detection of proteins is a biochemical technique used to identify and analyze ubiquitination modifications on proteins. Ubiquitination is a post-translational modification process that involves the covalent linkage of the small protein ubiquitin to lysine residues of a target protein, a modification that plays a crucial role in the regulation of protein degradation, signal transduction, cell cycle control, and more.


      Since the discovery of ubiquitin in the 1970s, the field has gradually developed, mainly utilizing techniques such as immunoprecipitation, western blotting, and mass spectrometry. These methods have improved the sensitivity and specificity of ubiquitination event detection, allowing researchers to thoroughly analyze the role of ubiquitination in diseases and cellular processes.


      Western Blotting

      This is one of the most commonly used detection methods. By using antibodies against ubiquitin, ubiquitinated proteins can be detected. If a protein is ubiquitinated, its molecular weight will increase due to the addition of ubiquitin, usually manifesting as a series of upward-moving bands on the gel.


      Immunoprecipitation (IP)

      This method can be used to enrich specific ubiquitinated proteins, which can then be detected by western blotting. Immunoprecipitation is done using antibodies for a specific protein, followed by detection with ubiquitin antibodies.


      Mass spectrometry (MS)

      Mass spectrometry can be used to identify specific ubiquitination sites and types of ubiquitination (such as monoubiquitination or polyubiquitin chains). This method can provide more detailed information, including the exact amino acid residue where ubiquitination occurs.


      Ubiquitination detection contributes to a better understanding of the role of ubiquitination in cellular physiological and pathological processes, particularly in studying protein degradation, signal transduction disorders, and molecular mechanisms associated with various diseases such as cancer and neurodegenerative diseases.

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