• Home
  • Biopharmaceutical Research Services
  • Multi-Omics Services
  • Support
  • /assets/images/icon/icon-email-2.png



    How to Analyze Protein Multiple Sequence Alignment Results

      Multiple Sequence Alignment (MSA) is a technique for arranging three or more protein sequences in order to maximize the identification of their similarities and differences. Analysis of MSA results can reveal evolutionary relationships among protein family members, structural domains, functional sites, and other important biological information.


      Analysis of MSA results involves several steps, including evaluating alignment quality, performing conservation analysis, inferring evolutionary relationships, and predicting functional sites.


      Alignment Quality Assessment

      1. Check Alignment Consistency

      Observe whether there are many insertions or deletions, and whether any protein sequences differ significantly from others, which may be signals of low alignment quality.


      2. Use Scoring Systems

      Use tools such as SP-score or other alignment quality scoring tools to quantitatively assess the overall quality of the alignment.


      3. Visualization Tools

      Use visualization interfaces such as Jalview and MAFFT to help intuitively check the accuracy and consistency of the alignment.


      Conservation Analysis

      1. Identify Conserved Regions

      Look for highly conserved amino acid residues in multiple sequences, which are usually closely related to the function of the protein.


      2. Calculate Conservation Scores

      Use tools like Consurf to score the conservation of each position based on the frequency of changes in amino acids during evolution.


      3. Conservation Maps

      Generate conservation maps to intuitively display the conservation of each position for predicting functional domains or active sites.


      Inferring Evolutionary Relationships

      1. Construct Phylogenetic Trees

      Use the MSA results to construct phylogenetic trees to infer the evolutionary relationships among different protein sequences.


      2. Analyze Evolutionary Branches

      By analyzing the branch structure of the phylogenetic tree, the evolutionary history and functional differentiation of the protein family can be inferred.


      3. Identify Homologous Sequences

      Through alignment and phylogenetic analysis, similar sequences to proteins with known functions are identified, predicting their potential functions.


      Predicting Functional Sites

      1. Identify Key Sites

      Based on conservation analysis, identify potential functional sites or active centers.


      2. Structure Prediction

      If possible, combine protein 3D structure information to further verify the accuracy of predicted functional sites.


      3. Literature Verification

      Compare the analysis results with published research results to verify the relevance of predicted functional sites or structural domains.


      Through the above steps, valuable biological information can be extracted from the results of multiple sequence alignment, providing important clues for the functional research and evolutionary analysis of proteins.

    Submit Inquiry
    Name *
    Email Address *
    Phone Number
    Inquiry Project
    Project Description *


    How to order?


    Submit Inquiry